Have you heard the teaching tale of the of the two frogs who fell in the butter churn? One gave up, seeing no reason to fight, sank to the bottom and drowned. The other kicked and swam with all its might despite any obvious reasons to do so and the kicking motions turned the cream to butter, creating a solid mass that it could use to jump out! The second frog took action and expended energy, despite a situation that seemed to have little hope.

Joanna Macy in her book Active Hope describes two types of hope. The first type is an optimistic feeling of something that is likely to happen, we feel hopeful because there are external signs that what we wish for is coming to fruition. The second type of hope is about what we desire or wish for even when there are little or no signs that it is possible. “Active Hope is a practice. Like tai chi or gardening, it is something we do rather than have. It is a process we can appl